1. Up until what point did shamanism lose its grip on humanity?
Shamanism dropped out of the general consensus of religion and religious practice only as of the last few millennia has shamanism not been the primary mode of operation and of theology. Since then it has graduated to more elaborate and less serviceable forms.
2. What was Eliade's motive for exposing shamanism?
Eliade's motive behind his work was to expose how all shaman no matter from which area of the globe underwent a similar process. It did not matter where they were from since all shaman went through the same kinds of initiation and reported the same kinds of experience. After they had finished their initiation, they were all able to do the same kinds of things.
3. What kinds of shamanic practices lead to ecstasy?
The kinds of shamanic practices that lead to ecstasy are numerous, and not all use psychoactive plants to achieve ecstasy. Some shaman use drumming, manipulation of breath, ordeals, fasting, theatrical illusions, and sexual abstinence. Although these are all time-honored practices for achieving ecstasy, none are as effective, as ancient and as overwhelming as the use of plants containing chemical compounds that induce visions.
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