1. How did the governor of California's commission for horse photography develop into Meissonier's project in creating the illusion of moving pictures?
The governor, in the late 1800s, commissioned Eadward Muybridge to photograph a running horse as a means to settle the debate about whether all of a horse's feet left the ground during a full gallop. Meissonier took the series of photographs that detailed the horse's run and turned them into silhouettes. From here, he then projected the horse silhouettes through a Zoetrope, which then created the illusion of a horse running from the original pictures.
2. How did the Film D'Art come to be?
Thomas Edison and William Dickson developed the Kinetoscope, a machine which showed moving images (this developed into a Kinetoscope parlor, the forerunner to the movie theater). The parlor was a huge success and people began to realize that this new technology would reach a wider audience if there was a way to lengthen these films and project the images onto walls. As the films grew longer, filmmakers began to add plot, characters, and even special effects. From here, a group of actors, composers, and writers formed the Film D'Art as a means to develop and produce these artistic pursuits.
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