* Eadward Muybridge photographed a horse mid-gallop to settle the debate as to whether all of a horse's feet left the ground at once.
* Jean Louis Meissonier converted these photos into silhouettes and used them to create the illusion of movement by projection through a Zoetrope.
* Thomas Edison and William Dickson developed the Kinetoscope, the first moving picture machine, which led Edison to open up a parlor to showcase the invention.
* The popularity of the Kinetoscope led to artists experimenting with special effects, acting, and story lines, leading to the creation of the Film D'Art in 1908.
* David Wark Griffith made the act of film-making political with the creation of the Patent Company.
* William Fox and Carl Laemmle led the exodus of filmmakers from New York to California in order to escape the restrictions of the Patent Company, which eventually dissolved.
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