|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which statement best describes the general goal of the Industrial Revolution?
(a) Increase prices so there is less demand for products.
(b) Increase production to decrease numbers of workers.
(c) Produce higher quality products.
(d) Produce more products to make more money.
2. Why would designers create products that wear out in a certain amount of time?
(a) So that they did not have to close factories.
(b) So that factories never had to change products.
(c) So that landfills did not get too full.
(d) So that consumers would have to continue to purchase new products.
3. Which chemical is forbidden to use in the United States in rubber products?
4. Which is an example of too much focus on efficiency?
(a) Refrigerators that can be rented.
(b) Running shoes that last 20 years.
(c) Inexpensive housing in Turkey several decades ago.
(d) Smaller power plants that save money.
5. What is a potential problem associated with pesticide and herbicide use?
(a) Their toxins build up in the environment.
(b) Their production is very cheap.
(c) Their gases can be very explosive.
(d) Their chemicals can be recycled.
Short Answer Questions
1. How do products with toxic materials end up getting sold to consumers in the United States?
2. Why is goat hair a good material for the Bedouin tents?
3. Which of the following is not a goal of eco-efficiency?
4. Why is eco-efficiency not possible as stated by the author?
5. What are some unique properties of ink used in printing this book?
Short Essay Questions
1. Describe the vision that both Bill and Michael have for the future of the environment.
2. Describe why books are traditionally difficult to recycle and how this book itself is a more positive design.
3. Describe the idea of eco-efficiency and how it proposes to solve the industry, consumer, and environment problems.
4. Explain one example of how recycling is really downcycling of materials.
5. Compare the ideas of less-bad and completely positive design.
6. Describe what causes "sick building syndrome" and name some of the associated health effects.
7. Describe how Michael ends up working for the German Environmental Protection Agency.
8. Explain how recycling is really downcycling.
9. Describe the arguments against the Industrial Revolution throughout its history.
10. Describe the negative consequences the Industrial Revolution has on the environment and human health.
This section contains 1,035 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)