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This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Freud say is the outcome of the struggle between libido and the interests of self-preservation?
2. How does Freud characterize the relationship between Eros and the death principle?
3. What does Freud say the dangerous and hostile aspects of love are typically attributed to?
4. What does Freud say love seeks for?
5. What forces does Freud say are balanced in animals, that they are not aware of cultural struggles?
Short Essay Questions
1. How does Freud characterize the opposition of egoism and altruism?
2. How does Freud characterize the traditional view of the extremes of pleasure and pain in love?
3. What does Freud mean when he says that hunger and love make the world go around?
4. How does Freud say unconscious guilt expresses itself?
5. What does Freud mean when he says that the problem of guilt as “the most important problem in the evolution of civilization”?
6. Where does Freud say the feeling of guilt originates?
7. In what way does Freud say that primitive man was indeed happier than civilized man?
8. What services does Freud say the Jewish people served for the Aryans in Europe?
9. How does Freud characterize the super-ego’s cultural function?
10. In what regard to human beings differ from animals, in Freud's account?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What topics would you like to research further, after reading Civilization and Its Discontents. Describe why additional research or reading would be beneficial to an understanding of this book. Propose a list of articles or books you would read in order to get a better handle on Civilization and Its Discontents.
Essay Topic 2
According to Freud, guilt regulates the internal urges of each individual, although Freud says that by so doing, it engenders resentment that has to be repressed in turn, engendering further guilt. This cycle could result in an eternal spiral of repression and aggression and guilt—what keeps it from becoming psychologically damaging, or out of control?
Essay Topic 3
Evaluate your own reading of Civilization and Its Discontents—did you resist it, or were you compelled by the story? What does your reading tell you about yourself and your interests? Use specific examples from the book to describe yourself as a reader.
This section contains 937 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)