Civilization and Its Discontents Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Freud say intensifies the strength of the conscience?
(a) Experience.
(b) Gratification.
(c) Religion.
(d) Misfortune.

2. What is love’s chief function, according to Freud?
(a) To renew men’s desire to live.
(b) To resolve differences.
(c) To perpetuate the species.
(d) To hold society together.

3. How does Christianity offer to purge all humanity of guilt?
(a) By redeeming sin through Christ’s sacrifice.
(b) By binding men and women through marriage.
(c) By offering men transubstantiation through Communion.
(d) By the ritual of confession of sins.

4. Which does Freud say comes first?
(a) Super-ego.
(b) Conscious.
(c) Desire for punishment.
(d) Consciousness of guilt.

5. What comparison does Freud make between the Devil and Jews?
(a) He says that they are both enemies of Christians.
(b) He says that they are both scapegoats.
(c) He says that Jews are the Devil incarnate.
(d) He says that they are both illusory concepts.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which part of psychoanalysis does Freud say has developed most slowly?

2. What does the concept of narcissism make it possible to see, in Freud's account?

3. What does Freud say destructive behavior is directed outward?

4. What animal does Freud say man is to his fellow man?

5. How does Freud distinguish between the individual trend in civilization, and the cultural trend in civilization?

Short Essay Questions

1. How pervasive does Freud say the human sentiments about property are?

2. What does Freud mean when he says that hunger and love make the world go around?

3. What does Freud mean when he says that the problem of guilt as “the most important problem in the evolution of civilization”?

4. What resistance does Freud offer to the notion that he should love his neighbor as himself?

5. In what regard to human beings differ from animals, in Freud's account?

6. What does Freud say society does in order to accommodate the traits he sees in human nature?

7. How does Freud characterize the mindset of people who do not appreciate the reality he is describing, of hostility as a fundamental force of human nature?

8. How does Freud characterize the traditional view of the extremes of pleasure and pain in love?

9. How does Freud characterize the opposition of egoism and altruism?

10. What difficulty does Freud say he would expect in any analysis that sought to analyze society’s neuroses?

(see the answer keys)

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