Civilization and Its Discontents Test | Final Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Where does the conscience’s severity originate, according to Freud?
(a) In the ego’s refusal to renounce pleasure.
(b) In the ego’s experience of punishment.
(c) In the ego’s hostility to external objects.
(d) In the ego’s inability to distinguish between internal and external.

2. What does the destructive instinct provide when it is harnessed, according to Freud?
(a) Indifference to other people’s sufferings.
(b) Control over Nature.
(c) Exploitation of Nature.
(d) Control over people in whom it is unharnessed.

3. What does Freud say is the limit of Eros?
(a) It comes into focus and clarity when there is a triangle of three.
(b) It is purest in one person alone.
(c) It is perfected in the abstract love of all society.
(d) It does not work on more than two people at a time.

4. What comparison does Freud make between the Devil and Jews?
(a) He says that they are both enemies of Christians.
(b) He says that Jews are the Devil incarnate.
(c) He says that they are both scapegoats.
(d) He says that they are both illusory concepts.

5. What objection does Freud make against the Communist promise of economic equality?
(a) That nature provides men with unequal gifts.
(b) That human psychology will be the same in capitalist and communist societies.
(c) That values are determined through desires, which are irrational.
(d) That envy and violence live in the human heart, and cannot be assuaged by economics.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Freud say he can tell that the death instinct exists?

2. What does Freud say is the outcome of the struggle between libido and the interests of self-preservation?

3. What does Freud quote the poet Schiller as saying make the world go round?

4. Whose is the sole relationship that Freud says is not affected by property?

5. Where does Freud ultimately test and validate his conclusions about guilt and remorse?

Short Essay Questions

1. How pervasive does Freud say the human sentiments about property are?

2. What resistance does Freud offer to the notion that he should love his neighbor as himself?

3. In what way does Freud say that primitive man was indeed happier than civilized man?

4. Where does Freud say the feeling of guilt originates?

5. How does Freud characterize the traditional view of the extremes of pleasure and pain in love?

6. What services does Freud say the Jewish people served for the Aryans in Europe?

7. How does Freud characterize the super-ego’s cultural function?

8. How does Freud characterize the opposition of egoism and altruism?

9. What does Freud say society does in order to accommodate the traits he sees in human nature?

10. How do sadism and masochism reveal the interplay between Eros and death instincts, in Freud's account?

(see the answer keys)

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