Civilization and Its Discontents Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Freud say he would have to do to fulfill this motto?
(a) Remain celibate.
(b) Find the right partner.
(c) Make sacrifices.
(d) Love all humanity.

2. How does Freud describe the libido’s disinclination to relinquish an old position for a new one?
(a) As conservatism.
(b) As regression.
(c) As inertia.
(d) As synthesis.

3. Who does Freud say takes the place of mother and father, as people grow up?
(a) One's offspring.
(b) Once's instincts.
(c) The leaders of society.
(d) Society as a whole.

4. Which part of psychoanalysis does Freud say has developed most slowly?
(a) The theory of artistic creativity.
(b) The theory of aggression.
(c) Analytic theory.
(d) The theory of instincts.

5. What does Freud say the aggressive elements of a desire turn into when they are repressed?
(a) Remorse.
(b) Guilt.
(c) Nihilism.
(d) Symptoms.

6. Where does Freud say the ability to distinguish between good and evil comes from?
(a) The danger of exposure to the elements.
(b) The promise of physical pleasure.
(c) The fear of losing love.
(d) The threat of physical punishment.

7. How does Freud characterize the relationship between Eros and the death principle?
(a) He says that they merge in marriage.
(b) He says they are mutually beneficial.
(c) He says that they are irreconcilable.
(d) He says that they merge in communal ritual.

8. Freud says that it is hard to see Eros and the death instinct unmixed together. Where does he say he might expect to see them?
(a) Religious types.
(b) Infants.
(c) Extreme cases.
(d) Neurotics.

9. What is the ego instinct antithetical to, according to Freud?
(a) Libidinal instincts.
(b) The pleasure principle.
(c) Sadism.
(d) The reality principle.

10. How does guilt express itself, according to Freud?
(a) In a desire for punishment.
(b) In a self-destructive behavior.
(c) In a desire for gratification.
(d) In a desire to break the rules.

11. What explanation does Freud offer for believing in loving his enemies?
(a) Believe because you need your enemies to think this way as well.
(b) Believe because the social cost is high if you do not.
(c) Believe because it is transcendent.
(d) Believe because it is absurd.

12. What does Freud say happens when men do not exercise their aggression?
(a) They are creative.
(b) They are content.
(c) They are ill at ease.
(d) They are impatient.

13. What does the conscience take the place of?
(a) The pleasure principle.
(b) The super-ego.
(c) External authority.
(d) The death instinct.

14. What objection does Freud make against the Communist promise of economic equality?
(a) That envy and violence live in the human heart, and cannot be assuaged by economics.
(b) That nature provides men with unequal gifts.
(c) That values are determined through desires, which are irrational.
(d) That human psychology will be the same in capitalist and communist societies.

15. What does the destructive instinct provide when it is harnessed, according to Freud?
(a) Indifference to other people’s sufferings.
(b) Control over Nature.
(c) Control over people in whom it is unharnessed.
(d) Exploitation of Nature.

Short Answer Questions

1. What problem does Freud identify, with holding the Devil responsible for human violence?

2. What does Freud say is the most pressing problem in the evolution of culture?

3. What does Freud quote the poet Schiller as saying make the world go round?

4. What does the libido cathect in a narcissist, according to Freud?

5. What does Freud say libido intersects with, at a certain point?

(see the answer keys)

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