Civilization and Its Discontents Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is the ego instinct antithetical to, according to Freud?
(a) The pleasure principle.
(b) The reality principle.
(c) Libidinal instincts.
(d) Sadism.

2. What does Freud say accompanies destructive behavior?
(a) An out-of-body sensation.
(b) Moral indifference.
(c) Self-loathing.
(d) Profound pleasure.

3. What does Freud say the dangerous and hostile aspects of love are typically attributed to?
(a) A fundamental bipolarity in its nature.
(b) Flaws in human nature.
(c) Neurotic self-destructiveness.
(d) Sublimation of the pleasure principle.

4. Where does Freud say the remorse of conscience ultimately originates?
(a) Forbidden longing for the mother.
(b) Ambivalence toward the father.
(c) Anticipation of pleasure.
(d) Loathing directed toward the self.

5. What does Freud say the feeling of guilt expresses?
(a) The revenge of satisfied longings.
(b) Despair over having lost freedom to conscience.
(c) The disapproval of the father.
(d) Contradictory wishes.

6. How does Christianity offer to purge all humanity of guilt?
(a) By offering men transubstantiation through Communion.
(b) By redeeming sin through Christ’s sacrifice.
(c) By binding men and women through marriage.
(d) By the ritual of confession of sins.

7. What does Freud say is the most pressing problem in the evolution of culture?
(a) Authority.
(b) Guilt.
(c) Pleasure.
(d) Solidarity.

8. Where does the conscience’s severity originate, according to Freud?
(a) In the ego’s inability to distinguish between internal and external.
(b) In the ego’s refusal to renounce pleasure.
(c) In the ego’s hostility to external objects.
(d) In the ego’s experience of punishment.

9. How does Freud describe the libido’s disinclination to relinquish an old position for a new one?
(a) As inertia.
(b) As conservatism.
(c) As regression.
(d) As synthesis.

10. How does Freud say society endeavors to restrict violence?
(a) By forcing self-monitoring in the people.
(b) By claiming violence as its sole right.
(c) By authorizing violence for certain uses.
(d) Be exiling violent people.

11. What effect do violent men have on society?
(a) They build it up.
(b) They define its boundaries.
(c) They catalyze it.
(d) They threaten to dissolve it.

12. How does Freud describe society relationship with sexuality?
(a) It destroys any objects the sexual life could claim outside marriage.
(b) It controls it by levying sexual energy.
(c) It drives sexual energy out so it has no outlet.
(d) It starves the psyche so that sexual life is not fed.

13. What does Freud say a man feels as a result of a cultural super-ego?
(a) Remorse for unfulfilled potential.
(b) Nostalgia for regressive states.
(c) Anxiety of conscious.
(d) Desire for escape from society.

14. Freud says that people typically do not want to see human beings as innately cruel and destructive—What idea about human do they hold to instead?
(a) That human beings are essentially tormented creatures.
(b) That human flaws are the result of bad decisions.
(c) That man is made in God’s benign image.
(d) That inequality and violence are the result of exploitation.

15. What does the destructive instinct provide when it is harnessed, according to Freud?
(a) Exploitation of Nature.
(b) Control over people in whom it is unharnessed.
(c) Control over Nature.
(d) Indifference to other people’s sufferings.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Freud say the libidinal elements of a desire turn into when they are repressed?

2. How does Freud characterize the relationship between Eros and the death principle?

3. What does Freud say is the outcome of the struggle between libido and the interests of self-preservation?

4. With what does Freud say guilt ultimately coincides?

5. Where does Freud say the ability to distinguish between good and evil comes from?

(see the answer keys)

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