An Army at Dawn: The War in Africa, 1942-1943 Test | Final Test - Easy

Rick Atkinson
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What did the German's rename Longstop?
(a) New Year Valley.
(b) Christmas Hill.
(c) Rommel's Pen.
(d) Little Big Horn.

2. How long was the battle of Gafsa?
(a) Three days.
(b) Only a few hours.
(c) Exactly 24 hours.
(d) 12 hours and thirty minutes.

3. What was Fruhlingswind?
(a) An attack by over 200 German tanks on Sidi bou Zid.
(b) An attack by a concentration of Stutka's on Faid Pass.
(c) A counter attack by German artillery on Sidi bou Zid.
(d) A plan to air drop 400 German and Italian troops behind enemy lines to take Speedy Valley.

4. Who made the following criticism: "The best way to describe our operations to date, is that they have violated every recognized principle of war, are in conflict with all operational and logistic methods laid down in textbooks, and will be condemned, in their entirety, by all Leavenworth and war college classes for the next twenty-five years."
(a) Anderson.
(b) Pyle.
(c) Eisenhower.
(d) Churchill.

5. What impasse was surmounted in the deliberations in Casablanca that helped lead to an agreed upon plan to win the war?
(a) The desire of the American contingent to comprimise Russia.
(b) The desire of the British contingent to immediately make a cross-channel invasion.
(c) The desire of the American contingent to defeat Japan first.
(d) The desire of the British to defeat Rommel as a first priority.

6. President Roosevelt mad the following statement in a press conference; "The elimination of German, Japanese, and Italian war power means the unconditional surrender of Germany, Italy, and Japan." What was Churchill's response?
(a) He agreed for the sake of the alliance, but was personally concerned about the repurcussions.
(b) He disagreed, but amicably.
(c) He agreed, but only after a moment of consideration.
(d) He agreed, but claimed to be suprised by the proclamation.

7. What was stated as the reason for the decision to defer the advance on Tunis?
(a) Bad weather.
(b) American supply issues.
(c) French political issues.
(d) A German re-supply.

8. According to Bradley, what did the American military achieve in the battle of El Guettar in Mid-March 1943?
(a) The first solid, indisputable defeat we inflicted on the Germany army in the war.
(b) That this win would result in the Hun soon learning to dislike this outfit.
(c) The seminal victory that shifted dominance in tank divisions from Germany to America.
(d) The resolve that this was the last defeat we would stomach in the War for Africa.

9. By January 24th 1943, heavy French casualties and prisoner-of-war-losses prompted what important change of heart in the French command?
(a) French command was handed over to Churchill.
(b) Soldiers were provisioned from American sources.
(c) France deferred from the front and filled the need for provisioning the British and American troops.
(d) Giraud gave control of their troops over to Anderson.

10. Who said the following: "...infantry, like whiskey, loses potency when diluted."
(a) Ernest Hemmingway.
(b) Winston Churchill.
(c) Ernie Pyle.
(d) Major General Terry Allen.

11. Fredendall's orders to Ward titled "Defense of Faid Position" were based on a poor knowledge of the area and threatened what prospect for the Allied forces?
(a) Concentrate the forces in the lowest point of the valley where Axis fire could be concentrated.
(b) To be marooned on two hills that were too far away from one another to offer any mutual support.
(c) Forces would be spread in a long line that would offer multiple weak spots that would be difficult to fill.
(d) Allied forces would be stuck in a battle of attrition that could not be won given their size.

12. Who wrote the following after the drubbing in Sbeitla: "There is nothing wrong with the common American soldier. His fighting spirit is good. His morale is okay. The deeper he gets into a fight, the more of a fighting man he becomes."
(a) Ernie Pyle.
(b) Paul Robinett.
(c) Dwight Eisenhower.
(d) Charles Perry.

13. What was General Everlegh confident would fall before the end of Christmas Day?
(a) Djebel el Rhar.
(b) Hill 209.
(c) Longstop hill.
(d) Snow.

14. What aspect of command played an important part in the Axis' stalling operation OCHSENKOPF?
(a) Hitler's distractions in Russia.
(b) Rommel's risk taking.
(c) Arnim's pessimism.
(d) Kesselring's optimism.

15. Who replaced Ward's command?
(a) Ernie Harmon.
(b) Paul Robinett
(c) Ernie Pyle.
(d) Omar Bradley.

Short Answer Questions

1. What strategic mistake did Fredendall make in regards to Faid Pass?

2. The death of Admiral Darlan is considered to have had what effect on the Allies?

3. Why did Ward disagree with the decision to take Sened station?

4. Which state was disproportionately hit with casualties in the War in North Africa?

5. Who made the following statement: "It is pardonable to be defeated, but unpardonable to be surprised."

(see the answer keys)

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