|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In terms of politics, an American candidate "runs" for office. What does an English candidate do?
2. Who is the author of "Dissertations on the English Language"?
(a) H.L. Mencken.
(b) Noah Webster.
(c) Benjamin Franklin.
(d) Thomas Jefferson.
3. What is the physical basis to which the nasal twang of Americans is ascribed?
(a) Colder air.
(b) The dry climate.
(c) The moist climate.
(d) Genetic diversity.
4. Which term do English dictionaries all describe as an Americanism from the comparative list in Chapter 4.1, despite the English version being frequently used in America?
5. How many classifications of Americanisms does Gilbert M. Tucker provide in 1921?
Short Answer Questions
1. What ethnicity of people, through the influence of the mercantile class, is referred to by a different name in the United States than in England?
2. Which letter of the alphabet do Americans differ in pronunciation from other English-speaking countries?
3. What event does Mencken credit with strengthening the obfuscation of distinction between American and British English?
4. What does Mencken state is neglected by those who are professional trained to investigate it?
5. What American writer does Mencken claim likely inspired envy in British writers?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Mencken intimate by the assertion that the "inner spirit of English" has inclined steadily towards saying "I have go" for a thousand years?
2. Why does Mencken find the double negative an appreciable linguistic deviation?
3. For what reason did the early Americans wish to distinguish their language from that of the English?
4. Aside from numbering and lettering, what is the principal way in which American and English styles of naming streets are divergent?
5. What characterizes the divergences of language usage that are cataloged in Chapter 4.2?
6. What is revealed by the attitudes of the English conservatives in Australia towards American spelling?
7. How does Mencken describe the distinction between colloquialisms and idiomatic expressions that are generally accepted and those that are not? What example does he use to explain this distinction?
8. What were some of the reasons that many immigrants changed their names upon arriving in America?
9. What two principal sources does Mencken identify as adding new words to the American English in Chapter 2.2?
10. From what tradition do names such as Faith, Hope, and Charity come, and what is significant about the continued use of these names?
This section contains 801 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)