|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What language did "ambassador," "ancestor," and "bachelor" come into English from?
2. As what part of speech does vulgar American consider the word "self" within the spirit of the language?
(a) An adjective.
(b) A noun.
(c) An adverb.
(d) A verb.
3. In what location does Mencken say both the American and English orthographies flourish side by side?
(a) New England.
(b) Hong Kong.
4. What religious affiliation, commonly held in both countries, has had a larger influence on names in America than in England?
5. What language does the formalism of English grammarians come from?
6. Which of the following is one of the three great causes of change in language according to Sayce, as reported in Chapter 9.3?
(a) Phonetic innovations.
(d) Cultural encounters.
7. How does Mencken characterize the vulgar American habitual use of the double negative?
(a) With "sturdy fidelity."
(b) With "unconscious loathing."
(c) With "periodic intensity."
(d) With "happy fecundity."
8. What sort of distinction frequently occurs between an adverb and its primary adjective?
9. Whose "gaping maw" often spoils an "apt and ingenious neologism," according to Mencken in Chapter 11.1?
(a) The elite.
(b) The popular journalists.
(c) The popular novelists.
(d) The proletariat.
10. Which reporter first brings colloquial Americanisms to the written word, according to Mencken in Chapter 9.2?
(a) George Ade.
(b) J.C. Neal.
(c) Ring W. Lardner.
(d) Josh Billings.
11. What is the English equivalent of the American Main Street?
(a) Prime Street.
(b) King's Street.
(c) Broad Street.
(d) High Street.
12. How many works does Mencken claim to have discovered covering the topic of American slang?
13. Into what was the French surname "Beauchamp" translated in America?
14. For which voiceless consonant is the voiced "d" substituting with growing regularity, according to Mearns?
15. Mencken reports hearing of a German named "Knoche," who to avoid being called "Nokky," changed his name to what?
Short Answer Questions
1. To what does Mencken ascribe the inflection of English adjectives?
2. Who was the author of the couplet that Mencken quotes: "For thou art a girl as much brighter than her / As he was a poet sublimer than me"?
3. In what parts of language does Mencken say the "chief grammatical peculiarities" of spoken English are found?
4. Which organization produced a prospectus in 1913 that warned against extreme English conservatism in the spelling of foreign loan-words?
5. What does the movement towards the general vowel neutralization promise to do in the future, according to Mencken?
This section contains 466 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)