The American Language Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In what region of the United States are Spanish names corrupted, as Dutch names are in New York?
(a) Midwest.
(b) Southeast.
(c) Northwest.
(d) Southwest.

2. To what do English writers usually ascribe the American custom of numbering and lettering streets?
(a) A lack of wit.
(b) Poverty of invention.
(c) Easiness.
(d) Ingenuity.

3. Lounsbury is reported as saying that, "The history of language, when looked at from the purely grammatical point of view, is little else than the history of" what?
(a) Innovations.
(b) Aberrations.
(c) Regulations.
(d) Corruptions.

4. In what century did England replace the "i-sound" with the "oi-sound" in words such as "boy"?
(a) The sixteenth.
(b) The nineteenth.
(c) The eighteenth.
(d) The seventeenth.

5. According to Mencken, which of the following does "one American professor of English" predict will become a spelling form of the future?
(a) Socks.
(b) Fotograf.
(c) Cigar.
(d) Tyre.

6. What was the original name of Brooklyn?
(a) Breuckelen.
(b) Breukwohl.
(c) Brook Lynne.
(d) Brookeville.

7. From what language is "gob" reputed to be derived in Chapter 11.2?
(a) Chinese.
(b) Japanese.
(c) Persian.
(d) Spanish.

8. In what dialect of English is "slick" used synonymously with "sleek" according to Chapter 9.10?
(a) South African.
(b) Australian.
(c) American.
(d) English.

9. What purpose does the double negative primarily serve?
(a) Syntactical compactness.
(b) Reinforcement.
(c) Rhetorical circuitry.
(d) Confusion.

10. Which of the following does Mencken not list as a once-slang word turned into one commonly accepted?
(a) Nice.
(b) Proposition.
(c) Awful.
(d) Frugal.

11. In what language does Mencken state the double negative was once "quite respectable?"
(a) Anglo-Saxon.
(b) Spanish.
(c) French.
(d) Russian.

12. What spelling change is made from English to American in words such as "connection"?
(a) Connectin to connection.
(b) Conection to connection.
(c) Conexion to connection.
(d) Connexion to connection.

13. For what word does Mencken say "incidence" is commonly mistaken to be a synonym?
(a) Story.
(b) Similarity.
(c) Number.
(d) Happening.

14. What is the longest list of spelling changes from English to American that Mencken gives in Chapter 8.1?
(a) The -or/-our distinction.
(b) Miscellaneous differences.
(c) The omission of a redundant -e.
(d) The change of diphthongs into plain words.

15. Which case of the noun in English yet has an inflection at the time of Mencken's writing?
(a) The ablative.
(b) The dative.
(c) The accusative.
(d) The genitive.

Short Answer Questions

1. Who does Mencken quote as saying, "There is no part of the world where nomenclature is so rich, poetical, humorous and picturesque as in the United States of America"?

2. What sort of distinction frequently occurs between an adverb and its primary adjective?

3. To what does Mencken ascribe the inflection of English adjectives?

4. Which reporter first brings colloquial Americanisms to the written word, according to Mencken in Chapter 9.2?

5. What principle of spelling was behind much of Webster's theory concerning the simplification of spelling?

(see the answer keys)

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