The American Language Test | Final Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does Mencken say that a proper understanding of words and their meanings will enable their speaker to do, in Chapter 11.1?
(a) Speak without ever using slang.
(b) Create new slang all the time.
(c) Mingle slang and proper speech effortlessly.
(d) Alter the course of language.

2. Over how many post offices does Mencken state bear the adjective "New"?
(a) 350.
(b) 820.
(c) 600.
(d) 525.

3. According to the "Vocabulary of the A.E.F.," what percentage of the American military vocabulary was at least somewhat indecent?
(a) 12%.
(b) 25%.
(c) 8%.
(d) 50%.

4. According to Mencken, which of the following does "one American professor of English" predict will become a spelling form of the future?
(a) Tyre.
(b) Socks.
(c) Fotograf.
(d) Cigar.

5. Which organization produced a prospectus in 1913 that warned against extreme English conservatism in the spelling of foreign loan-words?
(a) Simplified Spelling Board.
(b) Society for Pure English.
(c) National Education Association.
(d) British Literary Association.

6. Which case of the noun in English yet has an inflection at the time of Mencken's writing?
(a) The accusative.
(b) The dative.
(c) The ablative.
(d) The genitive.

7. What military slang term refers to the sunburned necks of the Marines?
(a) Leatherneck.
(b) Roughneck.
(c) Toughneck.
(d) Rawhide.

8. In what parts of language does Mencken say the "chief grammatical peculiarities" of spoken English are found?
(a) Nouns and participles.
(b) Nouns and prepositions.
(c) Verbs and pronouns.
(d) Adverbs and adjectives.

9. What sort of distinction frequently occurs between an adverb and its primary adjective?
(a) Numerical.
(b) Lexical.
(c) Pronunciation.
(d) Syntactical.

10. How is "Des Moines" pronounced in American, according to Mencken?
(a) "Dess-moyn."
(b) "Dai-moins."
(c) "Dei-moyns."
(d) "Dee-moyns."

11. Which still-popular German given name survives today, with a slight change in spelling, as Mencken reports in Chapter 10.2?
(a) Wilhelm.
(b) Franz.
(c) Hans.
(d) Karl.

12. As what part of speech does vulgar American consider the word "self" within the spirit of the language?
(a) A noun.
(b) An adjective.
(c) A verb.
(d) An adverb.

13. What was the original name of Brooklyn?
(a) Breukwohl.
(b) Breuckelen.
(c) Brook Lynne.
(d) Brookeville.

14. For what word does Mencken say "incidence" is commonly mistaken to be a synonym?
(a) Similarity.
(b) Story.
(c) Number.
(d) Happening.

15. In what dialect of English is "slick" used synonymously with "sleek" according to Chapter 9.10?
(a) Australian.
(b) American.
(c) South African.
(d) English.

Short Answer Questions

1. What religious affiliation, commonly held in both countries, has had a larger influence on names in America than in England?

2. What spelling change is made from English to American in words such as "connection"?

3. Which Americanized foreign loan-word in the common speech means, in its vulgar loaned form, "to prance or to walk consciously"?

4. Which phrase did Oliver Wendell Holmes use to describe the state of the person who makes use of slang?

5. Which of the following does Wilcox not list as a negative treatment of the English language by grammarians?

(see the answer keys)

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