|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How many classifications of Americanisms does Gilbert M. Tucker provide in 1921?
2. What is the English meaning of the phrase "to carry on"?
(a) To be on the job.
(b) To raise hell.
(c) To talk endlessly.
(d) To shoulder one's pack.
3. What does Mencken state is neglected by those who are professional trained to investigate it?
(a) Philological anomalies.
(b) Formal grammar.
(d) The vulgate.
4. Mencken claims that Noah Webster contains less of the scientific inquirer and more of what?
(a) The father.
(b) The teacher.
(c) The erudite fool.
(d) The philological traditionalist.
5. From what language does the English word "moose" come?
6. Which Founding Father coined the term "to belittle"?
(a) Benjamin Franklin.
(b) James Madison.
(c) Thomas Jefferson.
(d) Alexander Hamilton.
7. What term did John Witherspoon coin, framing it within the context of vulgarity?
8. According to Benjamin Franklin, what was roughly the population of the colonies in 1751?
9. What word in common honorifics did Edwin S. Gould protest against omitting in 1867?
10. According to Chapter 2.6, what regional pronunciation is erroneously thought by some to have superior authority regarding English pronunciation?
(d) New York.
11. How do the English pronounce the first syllable in "lieutenant"?
12. What does Sayce say that language is composed of in 1879?
13. Which of the following groups of foreign immigrants does Mencken not attribute influence over American English in Chapter 6.4?
(a) Russian Jews.
(b) Slavic peoples.
(d) South-Pacific Asian Islanders.
14. What event does Mencken credit with strengthening the obfuscation of distinction between American and British English?
(a) The advent of the transatlantic telephone line.
(b) The First World War.
(c) The bombing of London.
(d) The French Revolution.
15. What is the second characteristic that Mencken attributes to American English in Chapter 1.5?
(a) Disunity of regional dialects.
(b) Translatability to British English.
(c) Resistance to neologisms.
(d) Disregard of rule and precedent.
Short Answer Questions
1. What vowel sound was dominant in 18th century New England pronunciation, despite common protests to the contrary?
2. In what language did the American derivative "coyote" originate?
3. According to Mencken, democratic government is essentially government by whom?
4. How is the "portmanteau-word" formed?
5. Which of the following is a term used by philologists to indicate the "instinctive search, etymologically unsound, for short roots in long words"?
This section contains 418 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)