|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which word do Americans use for "angry" that was once an English provincialism considered base?
2. What is the physical basis to which the nasal twang of Americans is ascribed?
(a) Colder air.
(b) The dry climate.
(c) The moist climate.
(d) Genetic diversity.
3. According to Mencken at the beginning of Chapter 1.3, what do the novelists and newspapermen on either side of the Atlantic ocean delight in?
4. According to the tale spread by William Gifford, what language was supposed to be substituted for English during the Revolutionary War?
5. What does John S. Farmer describe the Western vernacular as being?
(a) Racy and pungent.
(b) Flippant and pointless.
(c) Dry and prolonged.
(d) Irreverent and irrelevant.
6. To what continent does Mencken attribute the acknowledgment of the differences between American and British English?
(a) North America.
(b) South America.
7. In what language did the American derivative "coyote" originate?
8. Which Founding Father is said to have sought to establish a new American alphabet?
(a) George Washington.
(b) John Hancock.
(c) Benjamin Franklin.
(d) Thomas Jefferson.
9. What difference in pronunciation does Mencken state most sharply distinguishes the two dialects?
(a) The normative "-ary" suffix.
(b) The normative "ch."
(c) The normative "o."
(d) The normative "a."
10. What vowel sound was dominant in 18th century New England pronunciation, despite common protests to the contrary?
(a) Flat a.
(b) Broad a.
(c) Flat e.
(d) Broad o.
11. What ethnicity of people, through the influence of the mercantile class, is referred to by a different name in the United States than in England?
(b) Black/African American.
12. How is the "portmanteau-word" formed?
(a) By mixing parts of words with the same meaning in different languages.
(b) By onomatopoeic creativity.
(c) By finding the true root in the word.
(d) By blending two words.
13. From what language does the English word "moose" come?
14. What use of storage was added to the American meaning of the word "barn?"
15. What letter, when preceding a consonant, greatly irritated Henry James like a "morose grinding of the back teeth?"
Short Answer Questions
1. How do the English pronounce the first syllable in "lieutenant"?
2. What class of Americans is most influenced by Briticisms, according to Mencken in Chapter 5.2?
3. What is the American substitute for the English word "tin"?
4. Which Founding Father coined the term "to belittle"?
5. What word best describes the English attitude towards the adoption of foreign loan-words, in contrast to the American attitude?
This section contains 434 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)