Short Essay Questions Key
1. What important messages did King Philip of Macedon receive in September 356 BC?
The messages told him that his general, Parmenio, won a very important and decisive victory. He also learned that his wife gave birth to a son, Alexander in July of that year.
2. Describe the geography of Macedonia.
Macedonia was divided into two regions, Upper Macedonia and Lower Macedonia. It was basically isolated from the rest of the Baltic peninsula by geography. The climate of Upper Macedonia was continental while that of Lower Macedonia was Mediterranean.
3. Describe King Philip's aggressions toward the Illyrians, the battle that ensued, and the strategy Philip innovated during the battle.
Philip exhibited his toughness at the beginning of his rule by defeating the plans of the Illyrians to attack him. When their armies met, Philip exhibited superior military tactics and planning. Philip himself led his infantry which killed more than seven thousand Illyrians. He established the strategy for creating a gap in the enemy line by having his own line slanted so they could pivot and create the gap.
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