Ancient Mesopotamia 3300-331 B.C.E.: Religion and Philosophy Research Article from World Eras

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Enlil. Enlil was one of the chief gods of the Sumerian and Babylonian pantheons. His spouse is Ninlil, who is also called Sud in a Sumerian myth. His offspring include the goddess Inana (the Queen of Heaven) and the gods Ishkur (a storm god, known in Babylonian sources as Adad), Nanna/Suen (a moon god, called Sin in Akkadian), the twins Nergal and Meslamtaea (underworld deities), Ninurta (principally a god of war also known as Ningirsu), Pabilsag (whose associated constellation was later identified by the Greeks as Sagittarius), Nuska (Enlil's minister, who was also a god of fire), Utu (the sun god, known as Shamash in Akkadian), Zababa (a war god), Ennugi (the canal inspector), and Ninazu (an underworld god).

Enlil and Ninlil. A tale of rape and marriage, the Sumerian myth of Enlil and Ninlil, known from copies written in the Old Babylonian period (circa 1894 - circa...

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This section contains 2,127 words
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Buy the Ancient Mesopotamia 3300-331 B.C.E.: Religion and Philosophy Encyclopedia Article
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