Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

371. EXAMPLES

  timeo } { veniat
  timebo } ut {
  timuero } { venerit

I fear, shall fear, shall have feared, that he will not come, has not come

timebam  }      { veniret
timui    } ut {
timueram }      { venisset

I was fearing, feared, had feared, that he would not come, had not come

The same examples with ne:\ instead of ut\ would be translated I fear that or lest he will come, has come, etc.

372. RULE.  Subjunctive after Verbs of Fearing. Verbs of fearing are followed by a substantive clause of purpose introduced by /ut\ (that not) or /ne:\ (that or lest).

373. EXERCISES

I. 1.  Caesar verebatur ut supplicium captivorum Gallis placeret. 2.  Romani ipsi magnopere verebantur ne Helvetii iter per provinciam facerent. 3.  Timebant ut satis rei frumentariae mitti posset. 4.  Vereor ut hostium impetum sustinere possim. 5.  Timuit ne impedimenta ab hostibus capta essent. 6.  Caesar numquam timuit ne legiones vincerentur. 7.  Legiones pugnare non timuerunt.[1]

II. 1.  We fear that they are not coming. 2.  We fear lest they are coming. 3.  We feared that they had come. 4.  We feared that they had not come. 5.  They feared greatly that the camp could not be defended. 6.  Almost all feared[1] to leave the camp.

[Footnote 1:  Distinguish between what one is afraid to do (complementary infinitive as here) and what one is afraid will take place or has taken place (substantive clause with the subjunctive).]

LESSON LXVI

THE PARTICIPLES

374. The Latin verb has the following Participles:[1]

[Transcriber’s Note:  For reasons of space, this table is given in two forms:  first a reduced version without translation, and then the complete text, including translations, split into two elements.]

CONJ.  I CONJ.  II CONJ.  III CONJ.  IV
ACTIVE
PRESENT ama:ns mone:ns rege:ns capie:ns audie:ns
FUTURE ama:tu:rus monitu:rus re:ctu:rus captu:rus audi:tu:rus

PASSIVE
PERFECT   ama:tus    monitus    re:ctus    captus    audi:tus
FUTURE[2] amandus   monendus   regendus  capiendus  audiendus

CONJ.  I CONJ.  II
ACTIVE
PRESENT ama:ns mone:ns
loving advising
FUTURE ama:tu:rus monitu:rus
about to love about to advise

PASSIVE
PERFECT ama:tus monitus
loved, having advised, having been advised
been loved
FUTURE[2] amandus monendus
to be loved to be advised

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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