This edifice was built under the superintendence
of Ghauzee ood deen
Hyder, first King of Oude; and it is here his remains are deposited.
May his soul rest in peace! [Author.] [This building was named after
Shah Najaf or Najaf Ashraf, the scene of the martyrdom of ’Ali,
120 miles south-west of Baghdad. The capture of the Shah Najaf, in
which the guns of Captain Peel played a leading part, was a notable
incident in the relief of Lucknow by Sir Colin Campbell.—T.R.E.
Holmes, History of the Indian Mutiny (1885), 398 ff.]
 The Gumti, Gomati, ‘abounding in cattle’.
 The fish is a symbol of sovereignty, or authority
emanating from the
sovereign, in Hindoostaun, since the period of Timour.—Possessors of
Jaghires, Collectors of Districts, &c., have permission to use the
fish, in the decorations on their flags, in the way similar to our
armorial bearings. In Oude the fish is represented in many useful
articles—pleasure boats, carriages, &c. Some of the King’s Chobdhaars
carry a staff representing a gold or silver fish. [Author.] [The
Order of the Fish (mahi maratib) is said to have been founded
by Khusru Parviz, King of Persia (A.D. 591-628), and thence
passed to the Moghul Emperors of Delhi and to the Court of Oudh.—W.H.
Sleeman, Rambles and Recollections, ed. V.A. Smith, 135 ff.]
 Nasir-ud-din Haidar, son of Ghazi-ud-din Haidar,
he succeeded in 1827, died, poisoned by his own family, in 1837. ’He
differed from his father, Ghazi-ud-din Haidar, in being
considerably more debauched and disreputable. His father had been an
outwardly decent hedonist and voluptuary, but the son was under no
restraints of any sort or kind, and it is probable that his character
was not unfavourably depicted in that highly coloured sketch, “The
Private Life of an Eastern King” (by W. Knighton, 1855). “Any one”, we
are told, “was his friend who would drink with him,” and his whole
reign was one continued satire upon the subsidiary and protected
system.’—H.C. Irwin, The Garden of India, p. 117.
 Harkara, ‘a messenger, orderly’.
 Palki, the common palanquin or litter;
chandol, usually carried
by four men at each end (a drawing representing one carried by twelve
men will be found in N. Manucci, Storia do Mogor, iv. 32, and see ii.
76 f.;) miyana, a middle-sized litter out of which the type used
by Europeans was developed; the Anglo-Indian ‘dhooly’, properly
duli; the rath is a kind of bullock-carriage, often with
four wheels, used by women and by portly merchants.
 Known as ’Ashura.
 See a graphic account of the procession at Bombay
in Sir G. Birdwood,
Sva, 177 ff.