The History of Rome (Volumes 1-5) eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 3,061 pages of information about The History of Rome (Volumes 1-5).
Table of Contents
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Start of eBook1
1
CHAPTER1
CHAPTER1
CHAPTER1
CHAPTER1
Preparer’s Note2
PREFACE BY THE TRANSLATOR3
Notes for Preface5
INTRODUCTORY NOTE BY DR. MOMMSEN6
CONTENTS6
CHAPTER6
BOOK FIRST7
CHAPTER I7
Ancient History7
Italy8
Italian History10
Notes for Book I Chapter I10
CHAPTER II11
Primitive Races of Italy11
Iapygians12
Italians13
Relation of the Italians to the Greeks15
Relation of the Latins to the Umbro-Samnites15
Indo-Germanic Culture16
Graeco-Italian Culture19
Agriculture20
Other Features of Their Economy22
Difference of the Italian and the Greek Character23
The Family and the State24
Religion26
Art27
Notes for Book I Chapter II29
CHAPTER III30
Indo-Germanic Migrations30
Extension of the Latins in Italy31
Latium32
Latin Settlements34
Clan-Villages34
Cantons35
Localities of the Oldest Cantons37
Alba37
The Latin League37
Notes for Book I Chapter III39
CHAPTER IV41
Ramnes41
Tities, Luceres41
Rome the Emporium of Latium42
Character of Its Site43
Earliest Limits of the Roman Territory44
The Tiber and Its Traffic44
Early Urban Character of Rome45
The Palatine City46
The Seven Mounts47
Oldest Settlements in the Palatine and Suburan Regions47
The Hill-Romans on the Quirinal49
Relations between the Palatine and Quirinal Communities50
Notes for Book I Chapter IV51
CHAPTER V53
The Roman House54
The House-father and His Household54
Family and Clan (-Gens-)56
Dependents of the Household57
The Roman Community58
The King59
The Community61
Equality of the Burgesses63
Burdens of the Burgesses65
Rights of the Burgesses66
The Senate68
The Senate As State-Council72
The Original Constitution of Rome72
Notes for Book I Chapter V74
CHAPTER VI77
Amalgamation of the Palatine and Quirinal Cities77
Dependents and Guests79
Class of —­Metoeci—­ Subsisting by the Side of the Community81
Plebs82
The Servian Constitution83
The Five Classes83
Cavalry84
Levy-Districts85
Organization of the Army85
Census86
Political Effects of the Servian Military Organization86
Time and Occasion of the Reform88
Notes for Book I Chapter VI89
CHAPTER VII90
Extension of the Roman Territory90
Territory on the Anio—­Alba90
Treatment of the Earliest Acquisitons91
The Hegemony of Rome over Latium—­Alba93
Relation of Rome to Latium93
96
Enlargement of the City of Rome—­Servian Wall97
Notes for Book I Chapter VII100
CHAPTER VIII103
Umbro-Sabellian Migration103
Samnites105
Their Political Development106
Notes for Book I Chapter VIII107
CHAPTER IX108
Etruscan Nationality108
Home of the Etruscans110
Story of Their Lydian Origin111
Settlements of the Etruscans in Italy111
Etruria112
Relations of the Etruscans to Latium112
The Tarquins113
The Etruscan Constitution114
Notes for Book I Chapter IX115
CHAPTER X115
Relations of Italy with Other Lands116
Phoenicians in Italy116
Greeks in Italy—­Home of the Greek Immigrants117
Time of the Greek Immigration119
Character of the Greek Immigration120
The League of the Achaen Cities121
Iono-Dorian Towns123
Tarentum123
Greek Cities Near Vesuvius123
Relations of the Adriatic Regions to the Greeks124
Relations of the Western Italians to the Greeks125
Hellenes and Latins127
Hellenes and Etruscans—­Etruscan Maritime Power127
Etruscan Commerce128
Rivalry between the Phoenicians and Hellenes129
Phoenicians and Italians in Opposition to the Hellenes130
Notes for Book I Chapter X132
CHAPTER XI133
Modern Character of Italian Culture133
Jurisdiction134
Crimes135
Punishment of Offenses against Order136
Law of Private Offenses136
Theft136
Injuries137
Property137
Contracts138
Private Process138
Guardianship139
Law of Inheritance139
Manumission140
Clients and Foreigners140
Character of the Roman Law142
Notes for Book I Chapter XI145
CHAPTER XII146
Roman Religion146
Oldest Table of Roman Festivals146
Mars and Jupiter148
Nature of the Roman Gods149
Spirits151
Priests151
Colleges of Sacred Lore153
Augurs—­Pontifices153
Fetiales154
Foreign Worships160
Religion of the Sabellians162
Religion of the Etruscans162
Notes for Book I Chapter XII164
CHAPTER XIII166
Agriculture166
System of Joint Cultivation167
Culture of Grain168
Culture of the Vine168
Culture of the Olive168
The Fig169
Management of the Farm169
Landed Proprietors170
Pastoral Husbandry172
Handicrafts173
Inland Commerce of the Italians174
Transmarine Traffic of the Italians175
Commerce, in Latium Passive, in Etruria Active177
Etrusco-Attic, and Latino-Sicilian Commerce178
Notes for Book I Chapter XIII181
CHAPTER XIV186
Italian Measures186
Decimal System186
The Duodecimal System187
Hellenic Measures in Italy188
The Italian Calendar before the Period of Greek Influence in Italy189
The Oldest Italo-Greek Calendar190
Introduction of Hellenic Alphabets into Italy192
Development of Alphabets in Italy194
Results196
Corruption of Language and Writing197
Notes for Book I Chapter XIV198
Chapter XV202
Artistic Endowment of the Italians202
Dance, Music, and Song in Latium203
Religious Chants204
Panegyrics and Lampoons205
The Masked Farce205
Metre206
Quod re sua difeidens—­aspere afleicta206
Melody206
Masks206
Earliest Hellenic Influences207
Character of Poetry and of Education in Latium209
Dance, Music, and Song among the Sabellians and Etruscans212
Earliest Italian Architecture213
Earliest Hellenic Influence213
Plastic Art in Italy215
Notes for Book I Chapter XV218
End of Book I221
Preparer’s Note222
CONTENTS222
CHAPTER222
BOOK SECOND223
CHAPTER I223
Political and Social Distinctions in Rome223
Notes for Book II Chapter I241
CHAPTER II242
Material Interests242
Notes for Book II Chapter II261
CHAPTER III262
Union of the Plebians262
Notes for Book II Chapter III288
CHAPTER IV291
Etrusco-Carthaginian Maritime Supremacy291
Notes for Book II Chapter IV307
CHAPTER V308
The Hegemony of Rome over Latium Shaken and Re-established308
Notes for Book II Chapter V322
CHAPTER VI328
Notes for Book II Chapter VI347
CHAPTER VII347
Relations between the East and West347
Notes for Book II Chapter VII385
CHAPTER VIII389
Development of Law390
Notes for Book II Chapter VIII411
CHAPTER IX413
413
Notes for Book II Chapter IX434
End of Book II436
Preparer’s Note436
CONTENTS437
CHAPTER437
BOOK THIRD437
CHAPTER I438
Notes for Chapter I457
CHAPTER II458
Notes for Chapter II486
CHAPTER III487
Notes for Chapter III503
CHAPTER IV505
Notes for Chapter IV527
CHAPTER V528
Notes for Chapter V550
CHAPTER VI550
Notes for Chapter VI596
CHAPTER VII596
Notes for Chapter VII612
CHAPTER VIII613
Notes for Chapter VIII645
CHAPTER IX646
Notes for Chapter IX672
CHAPTER X673
Notes for Chapter X698
CHAPTER XI698
Notes for Chapter XI736
CHAPTER XII741
Notes for Chapter XII763
CHAPTER XIII769
Notes for Chapter XIII784
CHAPTER XIV785
Notes for Chapter XIV833
End of Book III842
Preparer’s Note842
CONTENTS843
CHAPTER843
BOOK FOURTH843
CHAPTER I843
CHAPTER II896
CHAPTER III920
CHAPTER IV943
CHAPTER V970
CHAPTER VI992
CHAPTER VII1016
CHAPTER VIII1052
CHAPTER IX1086
CHAPTER X1112
CHAPTER XI1148
CHAPTER XII1170
CHAPTER XIII1190
NOTES FOR VOLUME IV1213
Chapter II1219
Chapter III1220
Chapter IV1221
Chapter V1224
Chapter VI1228
Chapter VII1229
Chapter VIII1232
Chapter IX1235
Chapter X1236
Chapter XI1241
Chapter XII1243
Chapter XIII1244
End of Book IV1249
Preparer’s Notes1249
CONTENTS1251
CHAPTER1251
BOOK FIFTH1251
CHAPTER I1251
CHAPTER II1277
CHAPTER III1319
CHAPTER IV1339
CHAPTER V1373
CHAPTER VI1399
CHAPTER VII1417
CHAPTER VIII1482
CHAPTER IX1509
CHAPTER X1537
1555
Caesar Re-establishes the Communications1557
The Route to the Ebro Closed1558
1561
The Legions of Pompeius1569
CHAPTER XI1608
CHAPTER XII1695
Notes for Chapter I1741
Notes for Chapter II1744
Notes for Chapter III1746
Notes for Chapter IV1747
Notes for Chapter V1749
Notes for Chapter VI1751
Notes for Chapter VII1751
Notes for Chapter VIII1757
Notes for Chapter IX1759
Notes for Chapter X1760
Notes for Chapter XI1764
Notes for Chapter XII1772
End of Book IV1779
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The History of Rome (Volumes 1-5) from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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