Everything you need to understand or teach Juvenal by Juvenal.
Ruin of Rome
One theme in Juvenal's Sixteen Satires is the ruin of Rome, and it is mentioned in every satire. In the first satire, Juvenal asserts that vice has never been more eminent, begging Romans to reform because their posterity will inherit their longings and vices. He claims that Romans are at the "ruinous zenith" of vices, justifying his condemnation of mankind. Satire two claims that the rest of the world mocks Romans for breeding "pansies," or homosexuals. In the third satire, Juvenal applauds Umbricius' decision to move to Cumae since anywhere is preferable to Rome. Umbricius furthers Juvenal's condemnation by his objection to Greek Romans who do not behave properly and his claim that, although he was born in Rome, he must leave Rome because he cannot lie as men in Rome do; his implicit claim is that the only way to remain a true Roman is to leave Rome. Umbricius... View more of the The Sixteen Satires Summary
The Sixteen Satires Lesson Plans contain 130 pages of teaching material, including: