American Civil War Summary

Everything you need to understand or teach American Civil War.

  • 25 Student Essays
  • 28 Encyclopedia Articles
  • ...and more

Study Pack

The American Civil War Study Pack contains:

Encyclopedia Articles (28)

808 words, approx. 3 pages
Children and the Civil War The Civil War lent excitement to the lives of Northern children, imposed hardships and limitations on Southern white children, and changed the lives of African-American chil... Read more
1,064 words, approx. 4 pages
Civil Liberties, Civil War The outbreak of the Civil War on April 12, 1861, created a major civil liberties crisis. Although President Abraham Lincoln never formally declared war, he used his authorit... Read more
1,110 words, approx. 4 pages
Civil War and Industrial and Technological Advances The Civil War used the advances of the Industrial Revolution to foster great changes in industrial and technological development. Both the North and... Read more
990 words, approx. 4 pages
Civil War and Its Impact on Sexual Attitudes on the Homefront Gender relationships and sexual behavior were well prescribed throughout much of the nineteenth century. White men controlled the economic... Read more
949 words, approx. 4 pages
Clothing Scholars debate how much influence the Civil War had on clothing and how much impact clothing had on the Civil War. One argument contends that women's participation in the war effort s... Read more
1,977 words, approx. 7 pages
Elections, Presidential: the Civil War The election of 1860 attracted enormous attention across the nation. All four presidential candidates were men of good intentions but with very different solutio... Read more
746 words, approx. 3 pages
Men on the Homefront, Civil War Despite the modern image of the patriotic volunteer in the Civil War, not all men fought for the Union or the Confederacy. Between 1861 and 1865 thousands of eligible m... Read more
2,697 words, approx. 9 pages
Religion, Civil War Religion was central to the American Civil War experience. It gave Americans at war a vocabulary through which to understand life and death, a rationale for fighting (or not fighti... Read more
769 words, approx. 3 pages
State's Rights, Theory Of War has affected American society and culture in many ways. In particular the Civil War (1861–1865) was a conflict over a theory of government as well as a war ... Read more
10,366 words, approx. 35 pages
Clothing This entry consists of the following articles: Clothing and Religion in the East Clothing and Religion in the West Dress and Religion in America's Sectarian Communities Read more
6,539 words, approx. 22 pages
1861: the War Begins As both the Union and the Confederacy began to build their armies for the coming conflict, a strange mood of excitement rippled across the divided nation. People in the North and ... Read more
7,980 words, approx. 27 pages
1862: near Victory for the Confederacy The second year of the Civil War started quietly, as the North concentrated on training and organizing its inexperienced troops and the South elected to conserve... Read more
8,361 words, approx. 28 pages
1863: the Tide Turns During the first half of 1863, doubts about the Federal army's ability to defeat the Confederate forces mounted across the North. And when Confederate general Robert E. Lee... Read more
7,702 words, approx. 26 pages
1864: the North Tightens Its Grip In early 1864, the Federal Army made plans to destroy the Confederate military once and for all. Union armies led by Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885) and William T... Read more
5,301 words, approx. 18 pages
Blacks in the Civil War Black people from both the North and the South participated in the Civil War in a variety of ways. Free blacks from the North tried to join the fight as soldiers from the earli... Read more
4,866 words, approx. 17 pages
1865: Victory for the North The North continued to roll toward victory during the first months of 1865. Exhausted by the long war, the South's military and civilian population proved powerless ... Read more
4,644 words, approx. 16 pages
"The Surrender at Appomattox Court House"; by General Horace Porter "The Surrender at Appomattox Court House"; excerpt from Battles and Leaders of the Civil War Covering ev... Read more
2,788 words, approx. 10 pages
The War Shifts to the South (1778–1780) In the spring of 1778, William Howe (1729–1814) received word that his resignation as commander in chief of British forces in America had been acc... Read more
12,244 words, approx. 41 pages
Intellectual Markets. Science, technology, and medicine went through important changes between 1850 and 1877. New findings in these fields, especially in technology, helped to give shape to a moderni... Read more
8,873 words, approx. 30 pages
Old Ways. The traditions of the past still defined recreations of most Americans in the 1850s through the 1870s, particularly in the years before the Civil War. Americans were flocking to cities, but... Read more
20,543 words, approx. 69 pages
The American Spirit at Midcentury. Throughout the first half of the nineteenth century, Americans were among the most optimistic people on earth. Economic growth and territorial expansion all contrib... Read more
18,480 words, approx. 62 pages
After the Golden Age. Observers of American law during 1850-1877 frequently remarked on the passing of a heroic era of legal creativity. By 1860 nobody in the country associated with the law enjoyed t... Read more
22,758 words, approx. 76 pages
National Epic. The events of 1850-1877 form the central drama in the history of American politics, a sequence of riveting episodes enacted by a cast of colorful characters and featuring astonishing tw... Read more
17,590 words, approx. 59 pages
The State of Education. By 1850 American educational reformers, led by Horace Mann, had succeeded in convincing many leading citizens of the merits of establishing a system of publicly supported "com... Read more
6,592 words, approx. 22 pages
The Wireless Age. At the time of the Civil War, the primary means of communication for most Americans was through personal contact. There were less than one-fifth as many people in the United States ... Read more
14,000 words, approx. 47 pages
The Modern War. In comparison to other nineteenth-century conflicts, the American Civil War was a modern war. This is not surprising for, as historian James McPherson states, "every war is more moder... Read more
13,992 words, approx. 47 pages
An American Renaissance. The 1850s were a watershed decade for American literature. Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter (1850) and Herman Melville's Moby-Dick (1851) are widely acknowledged as t... Read more
4,387 words, approx. 15 pages
1850-1864— T'aiping Rebellion 1852— Second British-Burmese War 1853-1856— Crimean War 1859— Franco-Austrian War 1863-1864— Second Polish Revolution 1866—... Read more