The Tower Historical Context

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Austria

Von Hofmannsthal was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1874. Vienna is the capital of Austria, which was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, ruled by the Hapsburg dynasty, from the thirteenth into the twentieth centuries. The Hapsburg Empire included areas that are now parts of Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Austria. A revolution in 1848 lead to the emancipation of the serfs in Austria. Francis Joseph ruled the empire from 1848 to 1916, when Charles succeeded him. The Hapsburg Empire was formally dissolved in 1918, in the wake of World War I, when Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Austria each became independent nations.

Pedro Calderon de la Barca

Von Hofmannsthal's play, The Tower, is a loose adaptation of the play Life Is a Dream (1635) by Pedro Calderon (1600-1681). Calderon de la Barca was one of the greatest playwrights of the "Golden Age" of seventeenth-century Spain. La hija del aire (1653; The Daughter of the Air) is considered by...

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This section contains 737 words
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The Tower from Drama for Students. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.