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A Theory of Justice Characters

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Saint Thomas Acquinas

Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) was an Italian theologian of the medieval era who was canonized in 1323. Aquinas based his theological arguments on the ideas of Aristotle. Rawls refers to Aquinas in a discussion of different theories about toleration of religious differences, asserting that Aquinas and the Protestant reformers believed that intolerance of other religions was "a matter of faith."

Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) was an English philosopher and economist, known as the first and foremost proponent of utilitarianism. His major works include An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789). Rawls contrasts Bentham's utilitarian theory with his own theory of justice as fairness.

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) is indisputably recognized as the father of psychoanalytic theory. He was an Austrian Jewish physician, whose theories of psychoanalysis form the basis of psychoanalytic theory. His major works include: Interpretation of Dreams (1900), Five Lectures on Psycho-...

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A Theory of Justice from Nonfiction Classics for Students. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.