The World Turned Upside Down: Indian Voices from Early America - Study Guide Chapter 1 Summary & Analysis

Colin G. Calloway
This Study Guide consists of approximately 22 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of The World Turned Upside Down.
This section contains 869 words
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Europeans regarded Indians as uncivilized, barbarous, immoral, superstitious, and atheistic, when in fact they merely had different standards, customs, religions, and cultures. It is important to not regard the time before Europeans came as "prehistory," as if that time was somehow devoid of culture or significance. This chapter shares certain creation myths Indians used to explain how the world came to be, and also some accounts of first contact with the Europeans.

A half-Cherokee, half-Scottish man named John Norton provides an Iroquois creation story in 1816. It involves an image of the earth as sitting on the back of a Great Turtle, an image that is shared by many Indian creation myths. A "Great Spirit" punishes his daughter for becoming pregnant out of wedlock by casting her down a great hole in the heavens. The Great Turtle catches her, with slime on his back so she...

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This section contains 869 words
(approx. 3 pages at 400 words per page)
Buy The World Turned Upside Down: Indian Voices from Early America Study Guide
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