Study Guide

The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America - Part 3, Chapter 9 The Metaphysical Club, Section 4 Summary & Analysis

Louis Menand
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Part 3, Chapter 9 The Metaphysical Club, Section 4 Summary

By 1869, higher education was no longer focusing on theology. It was moving toward science. The Metaphysical Club ended when Harvard reformed.

Charles William Eliot became the President of Harvard and wanted James to work at the school. He created a series of lectures that would be used to start James' Harvard career. Holmes, Wright and James all gave lectures during this series, but many students avoided James' lectures because of their dullness.

Wright was asked to teach a mathematical physics class. It was dropped in 1875, after being offered for one year. In September of 1875, Wright suffered two strokes and died at the age of 45.

St. John Green decided to quit Harvard Law School in 1873 due to the increased teaching of legal formalism with Eliot's appointment as Harvard's President. He was given a job...

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