The Greek Myths - Chapter 7, Athena & Pan Summary & Analysis

This Study Guide consists of approximately 34 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of The Greek Myths.
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Chapter 7, Athena & Pan Summary and Analysis

Athena was superior even to Ares in warcraft but was not able to enjoy making war the way that Ares and his sister Eris were. She frequently borrowed her military equipment and armor from Zeus. Zeus intentionally misled Hephaestus when Athena requested a suit of armor from the smith-god. He was deceived into believing that Athena desired him to be her impassioned lover. Having fallen under this delusion, he veritably assaulted her when she had come to check up on the armor. She managed to prevent him from violating her; nevertheless, the events went so far that the god orgasmed onto Athena's thigh. This disgusted her, and she wiped it off and cast it away.

There was another mystery involved. The child was reared by Cecrops during his reign as the King of Athens. In this era, monarchs were generally elected and could not presume to be able to pass on the right of office to their offspring. This king actually legislated or in some way advocated two major social changes: paternity and monogamy. These serve each other sociologically and hence, their conjunction. The extraordinary feature written of is that this king and Athena's offspring-like son from Hephaestus was that they were viewed as being part serpent-part man.

The editor begins this chapter by reminding readers of the fact that there are twelve Olympian deities, including both gods and goddesses. He then goes on explain that there were additional deities, not all of whom were welcome on Mount Olympus even when they were known. Mother Earth was viewed as lacking in interest, Hecate was not welcome, Hephaestus had experienced Olympus both as home and as a place from which he was banned. The god Pan is Arcadian. Pan is rural, yet strangely powerful. He is frightening, so much so that the word 'panic' is named after him. He is able to play beautiful music and is associated with goats. He is the patron deity of shepherds.

This section contains 338 words
(approx. 1 page at 400 words per page)
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