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The Discourses - Study Guide Book Two, The Growth of Rome's Empire, Preface, Methods of Expansion, Colonization and War: Its Causes and Cost, Diplomacy and War Summary & Analysis

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In the preface to book two, Machiavelli discusses praising the past and hating the present. He claims that human practices are always changing, but the amount of virtue in humanity stays the same and is widely distributed over time. The desires of humans cannot be satisfied, but they change with age.

Sections 1-5 cover the methods by which the Roman Empire expanded. First, Machiavelli asks whether the expansion was caused by virtue or fortune. Machiavelli rejects the fortune explanation, though it never had two large wars at once. When she took over a nation, she helped the people become indifferent to their rulers and used...

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This section contains 559 words
(approx. 2 pages at 400 words per page)
Buy The Discourses Study Guide
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