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Additional Resources for A Study of History by Arnold J. Toynbee

This Study Guide consists of approximately 69 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of A Study of History.
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Further Reading

Geyl, Peter, Debates with Historians, Meridian Books, 1958.

Geyl's text includes four chapters that deal with A Study of History. Geyl criticizes Toynbee's method as not being genuinely empirical, and he also disputes Toynbee's pessimistic assessment of the state of Western civilization.

Ortega y Gasset, Jose, An Interpretation of Universal History, translated by Mildred Adams, W. W. Norton, 1973.

This work is compiled from a lecture course that Ortega gave on Toynbee. Largely hostile to Toynbee, Ortega accuses him of having a mystical approach to history and of relying too much on Greco-Roman history as the key to all other civilizations. Ortega also claims that Toynbee makes major factual errors.

Samuel, Maurice, The Professor and the Fossil, Knopf, 1956.

Samuel disputes Toynbee's description of the Jews as fossils of the extinct Syrian civilization with its implication that Jewish culture is lifeless and unproductive.

Stromberg, Roland N., Arnold J. Toynbee: Historian for...

(read more from the Further Reading section)

This section contains 185 words
(approx. 1 page at 300 words per page)
Purchase our A Study of History Study Guide
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A Study of History from BookRags and Gale's For Students Series. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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