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Science and the Enlightenment Chapter Summary & Analysis - Chapter 6, The Moral Sciences Summary

Thomas L. Hankins
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Chapter 6, The Moral Sciences Summary and Analysis

The scientific and rational mindset of the enlightenment wasn't limited to the natural sciences. Enlightenment thinkers believed that mankind and society were also the proper subject of study and sought to develop a new "social science" that would put ethics and politics on the type of firm foundation they had developed for subjects like chemistry or physics. One of the leaders in this movement was the one of the same scientists that had been instrumental in the development of chemistry, Turgot. Turgot was made finance minister and controller general of France under Louis XVI during a time of increasing turmoil and financial instability. Turgot believed that if he rationalized policy to be more in line with what he saw as man's nature, he would be able to create an objective science of politics and stabilize the French system.

Since...

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This section contains 1,179 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Science and the Enlightenment Study Guide
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Science and the Enlightenment from BookRags and Gale's For Students Series. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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