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Science and the Enlightenment Chapter Summary & Analysis - Chapter 5, Natural History and Physiology Summary

Thomas L. Hankins
This Study Guide consists of approximately 36 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Science and the Enlightenment.
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Chapter 5, Natural History and Physiology Summary and Analysis

The term "biology" didn't begin to be used until the end of the 18th century. Before that time and during the enlightenment, "natural history" and "physiology" covered the subject matter we now think of as biology as well as several other subject areas. In the pre-enlightenment world, still under the sway of Aristotelian distinctions, "nature" referred to anything that was not created by humans. There was much dispute about the similarities and differences between different areas of nature, as well as how humans, especially human physiology fit into the general natural scheme. Natural history and natural science started out during the enlightenment as a purely descriptive science, classifying and organizing the natural world.

In the beginning, scientists avoided looking for causes in nature and were unable to make sense of how the natural world worked. Over time...

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This section contains 1,105 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Science and the Enlightenment Study Guide
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Science and the Enlightenment from BookRags and Gale's For Students Series. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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