Non-violent Resistance - Section Third: Non-Co-Operation and Civil Disobedience Summary & Analysis

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Section Third: Non-Co-Operation and Civil Disobedience Summary and Analysis

The chapter opens with a sub-section, "The National Week," which occurs after the Rowlatt Act passes in March 1919 and which allows authorities to arrest and imprison those suspected of engaging in activities prejudicial to state security. Gandhi leads a non-violent revolt which leads to the Jalianwala massacre. Gandhi institutes the National Week from April 6th to 13th as a week of prayer and fasting following the massacre. During the week, Gandhi encourages the achievement of Satyagraha. Further sub-sections discuss the Satyagraha Week and the Jalianwala massacre. He encourages his followers not to despair and not react with racism against the Muslims, whose blood is mixed with theirs.

In the next subsection, Gandhi is accused of being more of a politician than a saint and Gandhi addresses the criticism. He denies that he is a saint or a politician. His critic attacks him for direct action but Gandhi affirms its effectiveness. He cites Buddha and Christ as proponents of direct action as well. He also emphasizes that no country has ever risen without its purification through the fire of suffering. He argues that the Jalianwala massacre should strengthen the followers of Satyagraha's resolve. They must do right and not wait for wrongdoing to be righted.

Next Gandhi discusses how to bring about non-co-operation. It has four definitive stages. First, all must give up titles and resignation of honorary posts. Second, other government officials are called out of office unless he cannot otherwise support his family. The third stage aims for the withdrawal of the police and military and the fourth the suspension of taxes. Gandhi then shows that the Non-cooperation committee encourages non-violence and the encouragement of active cooperation, physical suffering, rejection of government loans, boycott of Government schools, Reformed Councils and many other things.

Gandhi next addresses Dr. Sapru, who argues that Muslims in India should avoid non-co-operation but he has no substitute. He is worried that non-cooperation by the ignorant will produce distress and chaos but Gandhi denies this. It is worse to participate. He also defends his particular recommendations for how to implement non-cooperation. He rejects accusations of disloyalty towards the end of the chapter.

This section contains 375 words
(approx. 1 page at 400 words per page)
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