India Song Historical Context

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British Colonial Rule in India

From 1858 to 1948, India was a colony under the rule of the British crown. When it first came under the domain of the United Kingdom, Queen Victoria was in power. The highest government position in India was the viceroy, a post appointed by the British government and always held by white British politicians. Originally, the British capital of India was located in Calcutta. In 1912, the capital was relocated to Delhi.

From the beginning of colonization, many Indian citizens protested against British domination. During the twentieth century, two major political organizations devoted to the struggle for Indian national independence emerged: the Indian National Congress, primarily made up of Indians of Hindu faith, and the All-India Muslim League, primarily made up of Indians of Muslim faith. Though these organizations sometimes formed a coalition, they were often divided because of ongoing tensions between the Hindu and Muslim...

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This section contains 610 words
(approx. 2 pages at 400 words per page)
Buy the India Song Study Guide
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India Song from Drama for Students. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.