Compare & Contrast The Iliad by Homer

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Late Bronze Age (the time of the Trojan War): Burial is by inhumation. The bodies of the dead are laid to rest, often with grave goods and weapons, at least among the upper classes, in dug graves, stone-walled tombs (called "cist graves"), or tholos tombs built in the shape of a beehive, often under a hill.

Iron Age (Homer's own time): The bodies of the dead are cremated and the remains are collected in an urn (often richly decorated), which is then buried in a specially dug pit. In the case of very important burials, a hill (or "tumulus") of earth or stone is raised above the grave, and the spot may further be marked with a column or other grave marker.

Late twentieth century: The majority of burials are inhumation, though growing numbers of people choose cremation.

Late Bronze Age: Writing is known, although mainly in...

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This section contains 550 words
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Buy The Iliad Study Guide
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The Iliad from Epics for Students. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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