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How the Irish Saved Civilization Setting & Symbolism

This Study Guide consists of approximately 55 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of How the Irish Saved Civilization.
This section contains 1,313 words
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Objects/Places

The Ardagh Chalice

An artifact from seventh/eighth-century Ireland, the "Ardagh Chalice" is a communion cup found in a Limerick field. Contemporary with the final redaction of the "Saint Patrick's Breastplate", its rich workmanship is meant to inspire the communicant as he or she approaches. The intricate of the chalice underside, however, seen only by God is meant to please God. This provides continuity to a second Celtic artifact, the Gundestrup Cauldron. This votary offering dating from the centuries before Christ is intended only for the god who receives it as a votary offering. Newly forged, it is intentionally broken and thrown into a Danish swamp. It shows gods, warriors, and sacrifices, both human and animal, but also Cernunnos, lord of the animals, a benevolent "prehistoric Saint Francis".

The Book of Kells

The most famous Irish codex, the Book of Kells, is now preserved in Trinity College, Dublin...

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This section contains 1,313 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our How the Irish Saved Civilization Study Guide
Copyrights
How the Irish Saved Civilization from BookRags and Gale's For Students Series. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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