Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education: A Biographical Introduction Setting & Symbolism

Gerald L. Gutek
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Gentleman

Gentleman is a term defined by Confucius as the ideal individual who has achieved the goal to which all others aspire. He did not believe in any reward or punishment in an afterlife and said benevolence is the most important value a gentleman can achieve on his own.

Polis

Polis is the term, according to Plato, that refers to the individual political entities that are city-states of the Mediterranean Sea region. Each polis is self-regulated with its own independent laws, culture and political systems. Some names of polis are the city-states Thebes, Corinth, Delos, Athens and Sparta.

Lyceum

Lyceum is the term that refers to the school founded by Aristotle. He formed this school in Athens. Ironically Aristotle was one of the world's greatest thinkers and teachers who formed a school that had no physical facility. Aristotle was resident alien in Athens and as such was not...

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This section contains 1,274 words
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Buy the Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education: A Biographical Introduction Study Guide
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