Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education: A Biographical Introduction - Part II Summary & Analysis

Gerald L. Gutek
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Part II Summary and Analysis

Chapters 6 -9 Present Educators from the Scholastic Aquinas, through Erasmus, Calvin and Comenius.

Chapter 6 Thomas Aquinas: Scholastic Theologian and Creator of the Medieval Christian Synthesis

Historical context of Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) ran from 500 to 1400, at the end of the Roman Empire to beginning of the Renaissance. The Roman period ended with the entry of Christianity to the West, a destabilized Roman political and economic order, combined theological and philosophical trends in medieval thought and a prevailing scholastic role in university culture. Plato's hierarchical structure or ranking was used by the Roman Catholic Church to maintain influence and power in the Medieval Age. The pope had supreme power over the church through bishops and priests in dioceses and parishes at local levels where they taught a small male population and ignored the large illiterate majority of people called serfs. Some...

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This section contains 1,213 words
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