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Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies Chapter Summary & Analysis - Chapter 1 "Up to the Starting Line" Summary

This Study Guide consists of approximately 53 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Guns, Germs, and Steel.
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Chapter 1 "Up to the Starting Line" Summary and Analysis

The history of human beings before 11,000 B.C. is important to consider in order to understand how people later developed. The history of humans began about 7 million years ago when the population of African apes broke into several different evolutionary tracks, including modern gorillas, modern chimps, and humans. For the first 5 or 6 million years after this split, humans were confined to Africa. Between 1.8 and 1 million years ago, Homo Erectus, the first human ancestor to spread beyond Africa, moved into Southeast Asia and possibly into Europe. About half a million years ago, Homo Erectus developed into Homo Sapiens, our modern species. The populations in Africa and Eurasia diverged from each other in skeletal details. The Great Leap Forward began about 50,000 years ago when humans in East Africa began using stone tools.

The Great Leap...

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This section contains 552 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Purchase our Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies Study Guide
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Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies from BookRags and Gale's For Students Series. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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