Freedom - Study Guide Chapter 15 Summary & Analysis

Orlando Patterson
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This chapter looks at the effects of Stoicism on Roman society. Cato represents reactionary Stoicism. It appeals to the Roman upper classes, since it is based on reason. They merely adapt the philosophy to fit their version of civic freedom. Wise and good men's actions are based in reason. It is still possible for the upper class to experience personal freedom even when their civic freedom is severely limited by the princeps. Many in the nobility view the princeps as a form of slavery, but Stoicism gets them through the changes and becomes a pseudo-religion. The upper class young men of the time are educated in Stoicism and despise the populace and their ties to the emperor. These young upper class Romans emphasize inner freedom over outer freedom in their form of Stoicism.

Reformist Stoicism is the second form of Roman Stoicism and emphasizes personal...

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This section contains 395 words
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