Candide Movies & Media Adaptations

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Candide was adapted to the stage with a great deal of difficulty. The writing of the stage production took several decades. The basis for the play was created in 1953 by Lillian Hellman and Leonard Bernstein as their reaction to the "Washington Witch Trials" being waged by the House Un-American Activities Committee. Poet Richard Wilbur was the lyricist, though Dorothy Parker contributed to "The Venice Gavotte." Tyrone Guthrie directed the first performance of the play, with sets by Oliver Smith and costumes by Irene Sharaff. It opened at the Martin Beck Theater in New York on December 1, 1956, to mixed reviews. The play has been continually rewritten ever since.

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This section contains 110 words
(approx. 1 page at 400 words per page)
Buy the Candide Study Guide
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Candide from Novels for Students. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.