Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory - Marxist criticism Summary & Analysis

Peter Barry
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Marxist criticism Summary and Analysis

German philosopher Karl Marx and sociologist Friedrich Engels are co-founders of the communist school of thought. They present their ideas in the "Communist Manifesto" written by them in 1848. Marxism is a materialist philosophy that disregards any force beyond the natural world of observable fact. The Marxist goal is a classless society where the means of production, distribution and exchange is owned in common. The Marxist philosophy seeks to change the world unlike other philosophies that seek to understand it. The mechanism for change is "competition for economic, social and political advantage" exhibited in the struggle for power among social classes. That class struggle is shown in nineteenth century industrial capitalism. Pre-industrial, cottage-industry workers perform the entire production and sales process. Industrial capitalists exploit workers by making them perform separate, repetitive tasks as part of an assembly line. Marxist philosophy...

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This section contains 531 words
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