Zhenyan - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 14 pages of information about Zhenyan.
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History

Buddhism spread across Asia on two levels: clerics with a theological bent missionized the literate elite while healers and wonder-workers ministered to the peasants. Early proto-Tantric materials in China appear at both levels, although their application is largely associated with wonder-workers. Zhu Lüyan translated the first text containing dhāraṇīs, the Modengqie jing (T.D. no. 1300), in 230 CE, yet there is little evidence that it aroused interest at the Wu court in the South. Fotudeng (d. 348) worked among the people and served the rough latter Zhao emperors Shi Luo (r. 330–333) and Shi Hu (r. 333–348) with a repertoire of mantras and dhāraṇīs. Like later Zhenyan masters, he used ritual to bring rain, to make military prognostications, to heal, and to influence politics.

During the Six Dynasties period (221–584), the magical use...

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This section contains 3,901 words
(approx. 14 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Zhenyan Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Zhenyan from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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