Xenophon - Research Article from Explorers and Discoverers

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 5 pages of information about Xenophon.
This section contains 1,042 words
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Describes retreat through Persia

Xenophon tells how the Ten Thousand, led by Cyrus, marched into Persia and waged a great battle at Cunaxa, 45 miles from Babylon, in what is now Iraq. Cyrus was defeated and killed; 24 Greek generals were captured and put to death. Stranded in a foreign and hostile land without any leadership, the Greek soldiers elected their own generals. Xenophon was chosen to be second-in-command to the Spartan Cheirosophus.

Xenophon became the inspiring force for this refugee army on its torturous 1,500-mile trek back to Athens. Marching out of Persia, they were harassed by the Persian army, under the command of Tissaphernes, until they reached the mountains of Kurdistan. Then the Greeks had to fight against fierce Kurdish tribes through the mountains to the border of the Kingdom of Armenia at the Centrites River, a tributary of the Tigris, in eastern Turkey. In Armenia they were met...

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This section contains 1,042 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Xenophon Encyclopedia Article
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Explorers and Discoverers
Xenophon from Explorers and Discoverers. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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