Xenophon (C. 430 Bce–C. 350 Bce) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Xenophon(C. 430 Bce–C. 350 Bce)

Xenophon was an Athenian citizen, soldier, gentleman-farmer, historian, and author of many varied and often graceful prose works. When young he knew Socrates, whom he consulted before joining, in 401, the famous expedition to Persia narrated in his masterpiece, the Anabasis. Xenophon played a part in leading the defeated remnant back to Greece. Meanwhile, in 399, Socrates had been executed on trumped-up charges. In the subsequent pamphleteering, Xenophon wrote in Socrates' defense. His so-called Apology of Socrates is an unconvincing footnote to Plato's; but later he compiled his extensive and valuable Memorabilia (Recollections of Socrates) the work that has given Xenophon, not himself a philosopher, considerable importance to all post-Socratic philosophers. In it Xenophon supplemented his defense of Socrates against specific charges (made in a pamphlet by Polycrates) with a more general description of his character as a man, a...

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This section contains 951 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Xenophon (C. 430 Bce–C. 350 Bce) Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Xenophon (C. 430 Bce–C. 350 Bce) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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