Violence - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 7 pages of information about Violence.
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Aggressiveness and Violence

Aggressiveness is an instinct and therefore is a product of bioevolution. However, nature has not selected for the trait of aggressiveness alone but together with a set of inhibiting factors that are activated in certain circumstances, for instance, when two individuals who belong to the same group fight with each other and the life of one of them is threatened. As Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt (1984) argues, a widely obeyed commandment in nature is "thou shalt not kill thy neighbor." Not even animals with as bad a reputation as wolves are an exception to this law.

In humans aggressiveness is linked primarily to the brainstem and the so-called limbic system or emotional brain (Sanmartín 2002). This part of the brain contains the structures that appear to be responsible for the responses (autonomous, somatic, hormonal, and neurotransmitter) that make up aggressive behavior. These automatic responses...

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This section contains 2,099 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Violence Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics
Violence from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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