Violence - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 15 pages of information about Violence.
This section contains 4,449 words
(approx. 15 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Violence Encyclopedia Article

Introduction

Earlier philosophical reflection treated violence within the wider context of ethics or anthropology. Ethological research, in which Konrad Lorenz's investigation of aggression as a basic biological drive was the perhaps most influential theory in the mid-twentieth century (Lorenz, 1959), was a later field for the study of violence. In the early twenty-first century, however, research on societal and political violence has been carried out primarily in the area of conflict and peace studies. These disciplines evolved as a response to World War II—the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) being founded in 1959 and the Journal for Peace Research in 1961—and gained momentum during the Vietnam War. The origin of these fields of study in actual political events accounts for their perspective. Researchers in these areas are interested in the political and social conditions under which collective violence originates as well as finding ways to counteract collective...

(read more)

This section contains 4,449 words
(approx. 15 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Violence Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Encyclopedia of Religion
Violence from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook