Vegetarianism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 3 pages of information about Vegetarianism.
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History of Vegetarianism

The history of vegetarianism began around the same time in the Mediterranean area and India. In Greece, Pythagoras (circa 569–475 B.C.E.) and his group were the first known to profess vegetarianism programmatically. Later the philosophers Epicurus, Plutarch, and some Neoplatonists recommended a diet without meat.

In India, the newly born Jain and Buddhist religions initiated the practice of vegetarianism in the fifth century B.C.E. Soon their idea of nonviolence (ahimsa) spread to Hindu thought and practice. In Buddhism and Hinduism, vegetarianism is still an important religious practice.

The religious reasons for vegetarianism vary from sparing animals from suffering to maintaining one's spiritual purity. In Christianity and Islam, vegetarianism has not been a mainstream practice although some, especially mystical, sects have practiced it. Monasticism in both East and West has often promoted vegetarianism.

In European and North American culture, vegetarianism witnessed a revival...

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This section contains 814 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Vegetarianism Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics
Vegetarianism from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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