Triplet Repeat Disease - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics

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Triplet Repeat Disease

Trinucleotide, or triplet repeats, consist of three consecutive nucleotides that are repeated within a region of DNA (for example, CCG CCG CCG CCG CCG).

Expansion of a triplet repeat gene segment leads to increased disease severity and decreased age of onset in proportion to the degree of expansion. Repeats that are translated into protein alter the structure of the protein, conferring new functions. Expansion of a triplet repeat gene segment leads to increased disease severity and decreased age of onset in proportion to the degree of expansion. Repeats that are translated into protein alter the structure of the protein, conferring new functions.

These are found in the genome of humans and many other species. All possible combinations of nucleotides are known to exist as triplet repeats, though some, including CGG and CAG, are more common than others. The repeats may be within genes or between genes. In genes, they may be in regions that specify proteins (coding regions called exons) or in noncoding regions (introns). If present within exons, they may be present in translated regions and hence encode a series of identical...

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This section contains 1,437 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Triplet Repeat Disease Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Genetics
Triplet Repeat Disease from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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