Spence, Kenneth (1907-1967) - Research Article from Learning & Memory

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 8 pages of information about Spence, Kenneth (1907-1967).
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Early Life

Spence was born May 6, 1907, in Chicago. When he was 4, Western Electric transferred his father, an electrical engineer, to Montreal. He majored in psychology at McGill University, receiving a B.A. in 1929 and an M.A. in 1930. His Ph.D. was granted in 1933 by Yale University, where he served as a research assistant to Robert M. Yerkes, under whose direction he completed a dissertation on the visual acuity of chimpanzees. The dominant intellectual influence during his Yale days evolved from the inspirational ideas of Clark L. Hull, who set as his goal the formulation of a theoretical interpretation of behavior that emulated the conceptual structure of Newtonian physics.

Hull's general approach was shaped by both Ivan Pavlov and Edward Thorndike. Pavlovian conditioning, for Hull, was the simplest form of learning, and hence principles of conditioning could provide the premises from which more complex forms of behavior...

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This section contains 2,113 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Spence, Kenneth (1907-1967) Encyclopedia Article
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Learning & Memory
Spence, Kenneth (1907-1967) from Learning & Memory. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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