Southeast Asian Religions - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 55 pages of information about Southeast Asian Religions.
This section contains 2,243 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
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Hindu-Buddhist Movements

The first important twentieth-century Hindu-Buddhist movement was Budi Utomo ("high endeavor") founded in 1908 by three students from the colonial Netherlands Indies medical school (STOVIA). The movement gained early adherents in other colonial technical schools, those for veterinarians and engineers, suggesting that the Western technical training was leaving the native students without any cultural or religious grounding, and that such grounding is what they sought in movements like Budi Utomo. Budi Utomo hoped to revitalize the deeply cherished Hindu-Buddhist-Javanist core of the Indonesian identity, so that a meaningful and respectable alternative could be found to the values offered by the West. Looking to India's Rabindranath Tagore and Mohandas Gandhi as inspirations in the revival of these traditions, Budi Utomo was controlled by the aristocracy and intelligentsia and never gained a broad popular following, although it had amassed some ten thousand members within a...

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This section contains 2,243 words
(approx. 8 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Southeast Asian Religions Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Southeast Asian Religions from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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