Solar System Geometry, Modern Understandings Of - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Mathematics

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Solar System Geometry, Modern Understandings Of

Aristarchus (c. 310 B.C.E.–230 B.C.E.), an ancient Greek mathematician and astronomer, made the first claim that the planets of the solar system orbit the Sun rather than Earth. However, it was Nicolas Copernicus (1473–1543) who would spur modern investigations that would ultimately overthrow the ancient view of a geocentric universe. Johannes Kepler (1571–1630) and Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) initially carried out these investigations. Through the work of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo, the geocentric view of circular orbits with constant velocities was gradually replaced by a heliocentric perspective in which planets travel in elliptical orbits of changing velocities. Kepler and Galileo worked during the beginning of what has come to be known as the "Century of Genius," a remarkable time of mathematical and scientific discovery lasting from the early 1600s through the early 1700s. Isaac Newton...

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This section contains 2,096 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
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Macmillan Science Library: Mathematics
Solar System Geometry, Modern Understandings Of from Macmillan Science Library: Mathematics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.