Socialization - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Sociology

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 22 pages of information about Socialization.
This section contains 6,505 words
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Socialization

Socialization has had diverse meanings in the social sciences, partly because a number of disciplines claim it as a central process. In its most common and general usage, the term "socialization" refers to the process of interaction through which an individual (a novice) acquires the norms, values, beliefs, attitudes, and language characteristic of his or her group. In the course of acquiring these cultural elements, the individual self and personality are created and shaped. Socialization therefore addresses two important problems in social life: societal continuity from one generation to the next and human development.

Different disciplines have emphasized different aspects of this process. Anthropologists tend to view socialization primarily as cultural transmission from one generation to the next, sometimes substituting the term "enculturation" for socialization (Herskovits 1948). Anthropological interest in socialization or enculturation coincided with the emergence of the "culture and personality" orientation...

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This section contains 6,505 words
(approx. 22 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Socialization Encyclopedia Article
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Socialization from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.