Social and Political Thought - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 246 pages of information about Social and Political Thought.
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Confucius

Confucius (551–479 BCE) was the first thinker to offer new methods for the postfeudal period. Philosophers in the early Warring States period tended to be either conservatives who wanted to preserve the old values of the dying feudal system or revolutionaries who wanted to start afresh with new ideas and a new set of values. Confucius was one of the conservatives. He sought to revive on a new foundation the values of the Zhou dynasty, the last of the feudal regimes. Confucius claimed not to be an original thinker; he always said he was just preserving the past. But since the feudal order had virtually disappeared by the time Confucius was born, he realized that these values could only be preserved by restructuring them so as to meet the new conditions. In this effort he was certainly original. In the past, aristocratic feudal values were...

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This section contains 6,695 words
(approx. 23 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Social and Political Thought Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Social and Political Thought from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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