Science and Research - Research Article from UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science

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Exploring Underwater Archaeological Sites

When studying a site, marine archaeologists pay close attention to the context of each artifact, carefully noting and mapping exactly where each artifact or ruin was discovered. The location on site where an artifact is found is known as its provenience. Noting the provenience of each artifact helps marine archaeologists construct maps and computer models of the site. Artifacts and features are like pieces of a puzzle and such models permit scientists to see how the various pieces fit together.

Exploration of underwater archaeological sties is more difficult than studying land-based sites. Underwater archaeology requires special equipment. People who participate in under-water digs must be skilled in both scuba diving and archaeological field methods. Though often more challenging, underwater archaeologists follow the same scientific standards used on land to conduct careful studies of their sites.

Often the first step in studying an underwater archaeological...

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This section contains 1,544 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Science and Research Encyclopedia Article
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UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science
Science and Research from UXL Encyclopedia of Water Science. ©2005-2006 by U•X•L. U•X•L is an imprint of Thomson Gale, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
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